Racism and Discrimination

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Forms of Racism and Discrimination

The Equality Act 2010 states that you should not be discriminated against because of your race. There are different forms of race discrimination including direct, indirect and harassment. The video below explains different types of racism and race discrimination.


Microaggressions are daily or regular verbal comments that are offensive to somebody whether intentional or not, and are derogatory, hostile or communicate negative attitudes towards minority groups.

In the video below, EHU students talk about the forms of discrimination they have experienced.


The video below explains what microaggressions are, the impact they can have, and how to deal with them when you see them happening.

How I deal with microaggressions at work – BBC Ideas

Challenging Discrimination

As staff it is important to be aware of the procedures to follow if a student discloses to you that they have experienced any type of racism or discrimination.

Racism and discrimination should be addressed and challenged. It is important to speak to the individual who has experienced the discrimination or racism and to check how they are feeling, and to discuss how this will be addressed and challenged.

It is important to address discriminatory and racist language and behaviours when you see them, by speaking to the people involved and explaining what they did, why it was unacceptable, the impact they have had on the individual it was aimed at (whether intentional or not), and if appropriate what the disciplinary procedure is for addressing this kind of behaviour and language.

Below is a short video of Edge Hill students talking about their experience of discrimination and racism and their thoughts on how this can be challenged by staff.


Before stepping in, try the ABC approach

  • Assess for safety: if you see someone in trouble, ask yourself if you can help safely in any way. Remember, your personal safety is a priority – never put yourself at risk.
  • Be in a group: it’s safer to call out behaviour or intervene in a group. If this is not an option, report it to others who can act.
  • Care for the victim. Talk to the person who you think may need help. Ask them if they are OK.

How you can intervene safely

When it comes to intervening safely, remember the four Ds – direct, distract, delegate, delay.

  • Direct action
    Call out negative behaviour, tell the person to stop or ask the victim if they are OK. Do this as a group if you can. Be polite. Don’t aggravate the situation – remain calm and state why something has offended you. Stick to exactly what has happened, don’t exaggerate.
  • Distract
    Interrupt, start a conversation with the perpetrator to allow their potential target to move away or have friends intervene. Or come up with an idea to get the victim out of the situation – tell them they need to take a call, or you need to speak to them; any excuse to get them away to safety. Alternatively, try distracting, or redirecting the situation.
  • Delegate
    If you are too embarrassed or shy to speak out, or you don’t feel safe to do so, get someone else to step in. Any decent venue has a zero tolerance policy on harassment, so the staff there will act.
  • Delay
    If the situation is too dangerous to challenge then and there (such as there is the threat of violence or you are outnumbered) just walk away. Wait for the situation to pass then ask the victim later if they are OK. Or report it when it’s safe to do so – it’s never too late to act.

Hate Crime Reporting

The advice is to always call 999 if you’re reporting a crime that’s in progress or if someone is in immediate danger.  If this is not the case then you can use one or more of the 4 options below.

  1. Report the Hate Crime directly to the Police: All hate crime can be reported to the police if the complainant chooses to do so by calling 101 or by reporting hate crime online: https://www.report-it.org.uk/your_police_force
  2. Report the Hate Crime to the Police via the Third Party Reporting Centre on the Edge Hill University campus: The Students Union Advice Centre has partnered with Lancashire Constabulary and is an official hate crime reporting centre. Students can attend the Students’ Union Advice Centre where trained advisors will support the individual to report the hate crime to the police. Alternatively, they can make a report on your behalf. You can book an appointment with the SU Advice Centre here: https://www.edgehillsu.org.uk/advice.

Please note that by reporting a crime to the Third Party Reporting Centre on campus the University will not be automatically informed.  You need to also complete number 3 below in order for the University to be able to consider the incident under its own procedures.

 If you wish to report the hate crime via a Third Party Reporting Centre but cannot access the one at the University you can find a list online of all Third Party reporting centres in the Lancashire area.

  1. Report the Hate Crime to the University: You can report a Hate Crime directly to the University for consideration under the relevant University procedure.

Process for an allegation against a student

If a person wishes to report an Edge Hill University student for a Hate Crime incident, formal allegations of Hate Crime can be made in writing to the Campus Life team [email protected] and include all the details listed below.

Students can contact the team via email or telephone to discuss their situation in the first instance – this can be done either via telephone, MS Teams or in person. The Campus Life team will consider whether to investigate using the Student Disciplinary Regulations.

Email: [email protected]

Tel: 01695 657570

Process for an allegation against a staff member

If a person wishes to report an Edge Hill University staff member for a Hate Crime incident, Formal allegations of Hate Crime should be made in writing to the Senior HR Manager via the HR Advisory team [email protected] and include all the details listed below.

Details to be included when reporting formally to the University

  • The complainant’s personal details (including student ID number if a student)
  • An outline of the allegation (including dates, times, and places).
  • Details of the alleged perpetrator(s)
  • Details of any witnesses.

The University cannot guarantee that anonymous allegations will be taken forward, as the anonymous nature of the allegation may prevent a fair investigation.  However all anonymous reports will always be recorded for statistical purposes.

  1. Report via Crimestoppers: If you want to pass details of a hate crime (or any other) offender but do not want to talk to the police, you can call Crimestoppersor report via their website. You do not have to give your name and what you say is confidential. It is free to call.

Phone:  0800 555111

Website: www.crimestoppers-uk.org.

Support for those impacted

The University is committed to providing support for those members of its community directly or indirectly effected by these issues. Support resources are available to any member of the University regardless of their choice to proceed to report the incident or not. Below outlines the range of support available to our staff and students.

The Wellbeing team

The Wellbeing Team can offer many different types of support or advice on any issue that may be impacting a student’s state of health and happiness. This can be anything, regardless of how insignificant the student may think the problem is; if it is having a negative impact on their health or mood the Wellbeing team can work with the student to resolve any issue, problem, or concern they have. The team can also refer students to our inhouse Counselling Service, and to relevant external services. The team can also carry out an enhanced risk assessment which may include actions to support the student to feel safer on campus. Mediation can also be offered with support from the student wellbeing team should students want to try to resolve the situation without formal action being taken. To refer students for wellbeing support please email [email protected]

External Support

Students may wish to explore support services outside of the University such as:

 Stop Hate UK

Stop Hate UK is a charity that provides independent and confidential support to people affected by Hate Crime.  They provide confidential Hate Crime reporting services in various areas of the UK, including a 24-hour helpline. Please check their list of areas carefully before calling.

Website: www.stophateuk.org

Address: Stop Hate UK, PO Box 484, Leeds, LS7 9BZ

24-hour helpline: 0800 138 1625

Fax: 0113 341 0396

Text: 07717 989 025

Email: [email protected]

Victim Support

Victim Support is the national charity giving free and confidential help to victims of crime, witnesses, their family, friends, and anyone else affected. They are not a government agency or part of the police and you don’t have to report a crime to the police to get their help. You can call any time after the crime has happened, whether it was yesterday, last week or several years ago.

Website: www.victimsupport.org.uk

Address: Hallam House, 56 – 60 Hallam Street, London, W1W 6JL

Victim Support line: 0808 16 89 111

Email: [email protected]

Support Directory: https://www.report-it.org.uk/organisations_that_can_help

What you should do

  • Microaggressions, discrimination and racism should always be challenged and where necessary and appropriate they should be reported.
  • If you witness racist or discriminatory behaviour from students towards other students this must be addressed.
  • If a student reports a Hate Crime, follow the procedures to report this.
  • If a student wishes to report an incident of racism or discrimination then please support them to do so.



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