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A picture of gingerbread in the shape of men, trees and candy canes.

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Gingerbread is a delicious yet ancient staple of the holiday season — and its spices may have some surprising health benefits

December 8, 2023

In a new article for The Conversation, Hazel Flight, Programme Lead for Nutrition and Health at Edge Hill University, explores the health benefits of gingerbread.

Hazel also reflects on gingerbread’s connection to Ormskirk, the town Edge Hill University has called home for the last 90 years.

No confectionery symbolises the holidays quite like gingerbread. While most of us associate gingerbread with edible houses and spiced loaves of cake-like bread, it’s also increasingly appearing as flavouring in novelty drinks and Christmas cocktails.

Gingerbread may be considered an indulgent treat if you’re only considering the calorie content. But it’s Christmas, and indulging in a treat or two can be a fun and healthy part of life – especially when this classic biscuit includes many nutrients that may benefit your health.

Gingerbread is believed to have originated in its earliest form in 2400BC ancient Greece. Surprisingly, this recipe didn’t contain any ginger at all – and was actually a honey cake.

But the version of gingerbread we know and love today didn’t start to take shape until the 11th century when Crusaders returned from their travels in the Middle East with ginger in hand. Ginger was first cultivated in ancient China, where it was commonly used as a medical treatment.

This led to the cooks of nobility in Europe to begin experimenting with ginger in their cooking. As ginger and other spices became more affordable to the masses in the mid-1600s, gingerbread caught on.

The original term “gingerbread” referred to preserved ginger, which was developed into a confection made with honey and spices. Later, the term was used to refer to the French confectionery pain d’epices (spice bread) and the German Lebkuchen or Pfefferkuchen (pepperbread or pepper cake).

But the gingerbread house, which is now a staple of modern Christmas traditions, is believed to have been invented in 18th-century Germany, thanks to the fairy tale Hansel and Gretel by the Brothers Grimm. The practice then spread to England at some point during the 19th century.

Queen Elizabeth I is credited with creating the first gingerbread men. She would delight visiting dignitaries with gingerbread figures baked into their likeness.

Despite its ancient origins, baking gingerbread during the holiday season remains a celebrated tradition in many parts of the world.

For example, in Sweden, designing and building gingerbread houses is traditional during the Christmas season and symbolises holiday spirits, family bonding and Swedish heritage.

Bergen, in Norway, is said to have the largest gingerbread town in the world. Every year since 1991, local businesses and thousands of volunteers help to make the “pepperkakebyen” (gingerbread town).

Poland is also famous for its gingerbread cookies – so famous they even have a gingerbread museum. These biscuits come in various shapes and varieties and have been a tradition in the city of Torun since the 14th century.

Several towns and villages in the UK are associated with gingerbread – including Grasmere, Whitby, Preston and Ormskirk.

Ormskirk Gingerbread gained notoriety thanks to the Gingerbread ladies of Ormskirk. In 1855 five women paid £20 per year to the East Lancashire Railway company for the privilege to sell their gingerbread at Ormskirk. Fyles gingerbread was established around 1732 and it was reputed that Edward V11 requested the Royal train pause at Ormskirk in order to buy stocks of gingerbread on route to Balmoral to stock up on gingerbread.

Surprising benefits

Gingerbread is enjoyed in many countries. But while each place may have its own take on the confection, the one thing that remains consistent is the spices they include – the key ingredient being ginger.

Ginger has a long history of use in various forms of traditional and alternative medicine. Research shows it may aid in digestion, reduce nausea and help fight the common cold and flu.

It’s also believed ginger may support weight management, help manage arthritis and may also alleviate menstrual symptoms.

Molasses is another ingredient sometimes found in gingerbread. It’s made by refining sugarcane or sugar beet juice. Molasses is naturally rich in antioxidants, iron, calcium, magnesium, potassium, phosphorous and vitamin B6. All of these important vitamins and minerals may help relieve constipation, treat anaemia and support bone and hair health.

Cinnamon is another key ingredient of gingerbread. It’s a particularly versatile spice with significant health benefits. It has antimicrobial properties and is also rich in antioxidants – natural molecules that may help protect against diseases such as type 2 diabetes. Cinnamon may also help lower inflammation and can be a useful anti-ageing ingredient for the skin.

Research has also shown that it may improve dental hygiene, reduce cholesterol and lower blood pressure.

Similarly, nutmeg – another common ingredient in gingerbread – is associated with reduced inflammation and may benefit heart health.

While, of course, gingerbread also contains ingredients that aren’t good for your health if you eat too much of it (such as sugar), at least you can feel a little less guilty if you indulge in a gingerbread biscuit this holiday season as it contains some beneficial ingredients.

But for those who feel they need to watch their diet, there are ways you can make gingerbread healthier.

For example, use almond flour instead of regular flour. This gives a boost of protein, which may make you feel fuller and help stop over-eating. Almond flour is also a great gluten-free option.

You can also swap butter with coconut oil or olive oil, which may have less of an effect on cholesterol levels compared to butter.

Adding nuts, seeds and raisins to decorate can also be an easy way to add nutrients (such as vitamin E, magnesium and selenium) and fibre.

Hazel Flight, Programme Lead Nutrition and Health, Edge Hill University

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

December 8, 2023


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