Centre for Sports Law Research



The Centre for Sports Law Research is engaged in funded consultancy for both public and private bodies on issues relevant to the legal regulation of sport. The Centre has a particular focus on the intersection between sport and European law, but is also engaged with questions on both global and national levels.

Centre staff have produced reports and expert advice for a number of bodies, including the European Parliament, the European Commission and the House of Lords. Centre staff regularly give papers at professional and academic events worldwide.

The Centre welcomes proposals for collaborative ventures.



Professor Richard Parrish
(0)1695 657609

Adam Pendlebury
(0)1695 657624

Dr Leanne O’Leary
(0)1695 657616

Dr Andrea Cattaneo
(0)1695 657384

Nick Harrison, Barrister
Visiting Legal Practitioner

PhD Completions

Roberto Branco Martins, ‘Social Dialogue in European Professional Football’ (awarded 2014).

Alexandre Mestre, ‘Difficulties and Contradictions in Applying EC Competition Law to Sport’ (awarded 2015).

Peter Coenen, ‘A European Approach Towards Violence in Football: A Comparative Perspective’ (awarded 2015).

Andrea Cattaneo, ‘The Application of EU Competition Law and Sport’ (awarded 2016).




  • Anderson, J., Garcia, B., & Parrish, R., (2018), Edward Elgar Handbook on EU Sports Law and Policy, Edward Elgar.

  • Parrish, R. & Cattaneo, A. (2018), EU Sports Law, International Encyclopedia of Laws, Kluwer.

  • Parrish, R., Siekmann, R., Smokvina, V., Bodiroga-Vukobrat, N. & Sander, G. (eds) (2013), ‘Social Dialogue in Professional Sports’, Shaker Verlag, pp. 234.
  • Mestre, A. (2009), ‘The Law of the Olympic Games’, Den Haag: TMC Asser Press, pp. 200.
  • Parrish, R., Gardiner, S. & Siekmann, R. (eds) (2009), ‘EU Sport, Law and Policy: Regulation, Re-regulation and Representation’, Den Haag: TMC Asser Press, pp. 619.
  • Parrish, R. & Miettinen, S. (2008), ‘The Sporting Exception in European Union Law’, International Sports Law Series, Den Haag: TMC Asser Press, pp. 295.
  • Parrish, R., Siekmann, R., Branco-Martins R. & Soek, J. (eds) (2007), ‘Players’ Agents Worldwide: Legal Aspects’, Den Haag: TMC Asser Press, pp. 872.
  • Parrish, R. (2003), Sports Law and Policy in the European Union, European Policy Research Unit Series, Manchester: Manchester University Press, pp.271.

Book Chapters

  • Parrish, R. & Pendlebury, A. (2018), Football Law, Routledge Handbook of Football Business and Management, Routledge.
  • Parrish, R. & Dodds, M. (2017), The European and US Models of Sport, in Routledge Handbook of Global Sports Law (forthcoming).
  • Parrish, R. (2015), The European Social Dialogue: A New Mode of Governance for European Football? in Duval, A & Van Rompuy, B (eds), The Legacy of Bosman: Revisiting the Relationship Between EU Law and Sport, Asser International Sports Law Series, TMC Asser Press, pp.187-211.
  • Parrish, R. (2012), Case 36/74 Walrave and Koch [1974] ECR 1405, in Anderson, J. (2012), Landmark Cases and Decisions in Sports Law, TMC Asser Press,  pp.45-64.
  • Pendlebury, A. & Semens, A. (2012), ‘The Sports Agent Industry’, in Chadwick, S. & Beech, J. (eds.), ‘Business of Sport Management’, Pearson.
  • Parrish, R. & Branco Martins, R. (2011), ‘Regulating Players’ Agents’, in Nafziger & Ross, Research Handbook on International Sports Law, Edward Elgar, pp. 545-557.
  • Parrish, R., & Miettinen, S. (2009), ‘Sports Broadcasting in Community Law’, in Blackshaw et al, TV Rights and Sport, Legal Aspects, Den Haag: TMC Asser Press.
  • Parrish, R. (2008), ‘Developments in European Union Sports Regulation’, in Parrish, R., Gardiner, S., & Siekmann, R., Professional Sport in the European Union: Regulation, Re-regulation and Representation, Den Haag: TMC Asser Press.
  • Parrish, R. (2007), ‘Regulating Players’ Agents: A Global Perspective’, in Parrish, R., Siekmann, R., Branco-Martins R. & Soek, J, (eds), Players’ Agents Worldwide: Legal Aspects, Den Haag: TMC Asser Press.

Journal Articles

  • Parrish, R, (2015), Article 17 of the FIFA Regulations on the Status and Transfer of Players: Compatibility with EU Law, Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law, 22(2) 256-282.
  • Cattaneo, A. (2014), ‘Sport Is Public: State Aid and EU Law’ S.L. Rev 2014 72 (Sum) 52-54.
  • Cattaneo, A. (2014), ‘No Competition Is More Competition: the BT Deal and its Consequences’ S.L. Rev 2014 71 (Spr) 48-49.
  • Pendlebury, A., (2014), ‘Football: Disciplinary Proceedings’ Westlaw Insight, 27 October 2014.
  • Pendlebury, A., (2014) ‘Aggravated Breaches of Football Association Rules: The Quenelle Cases Explained’ S.L. Rev. 73 (Aut.) 49-50.
  • Parrish, R. (2014), Sport: Regulatory Bodies, Westlaw Insights.
  • Parrish, R, et al (2014), An Assessment of the Compatibility of UEFA’s Home Grown Player Rule with Article 45 TFEU, European Law Review, 2014, 39(4), pp. 493-510.
  • Parrish, R. & Pendlebury, A. (2013), ‘International and Comparative Sports Justice: England’, European Sports Law and Policy Bulletin, pp.97-127.
  • Pendlebury, A. (2013), ‘Tweeting the Game into Disrepute’ S.L. Rev. 2013 69 (Sum.) 44-45.
  • Pendlebury, A. (2013), ‘Case Comment: FA v John Terry, Independent Disciplinary Commission 24-27 September 2012’ S.L. Rev. 2013 67 (Spr) 39-40.
  • Parrish, R. (2012), ‘Lex Sportiva and EU Sports Law’, European Law Review, 37, Dec, pp. 716-733.
  • O’Leary, L., “Regulating the Employment Relationship in Professional Team Sports in the United Kingdom” [2012] 41(2) Industrial Law Journal 184.
  • Pendlebury, A., Sutton v Syston Rugby Football Club Limited: the Regulation of Pitch Safety. S.L. Rev. 2012, 66(Sum), 51-52.
  • Pendlebury, A., Case Comment: United States Olympic Committee v International Olympic Committee Unreported October 4, 2011 (CAS)S.L. Rev. 2012, 65(Spr), 50-52,54.
  • O’Leary, L., “If It Moves Out There, We Sell It”: Super League and the Intellectual Property of Players” [2011] 32(4) European Competition Law Review178.
  • Parrish, R. (2011), Social Dialogue in European Professional Football, European Law Journal, 17(2) March 2011, pp. 213-229.
  • Parrish, R. (2011), ‘Discussion on the Application of European Union Competition Law to the Procedures for the Assignment of Category I, Category II and International Competitions in the Netherlands – KNHS’, International Sports Law Journal, Issue 3/4 2011.
  • Parrish, R. (2011), ‘Contract Stability: The Case Law of the Court of Arbitration for Sport’, Sports Law and Policy Bulletin, pp. 69-94.
  • Pendlebury, A., Case Comment: The Regulation of On-the-Ball Violence in Sport: R v. Chapman (unreported) Crown Court (Warwick), 2010. S.L. Rev. 2011, 64(Aut), 51-52.
  • Pendlebury, A & Semens, A., ‘Sports Governing Bodies and Leveraging of Power: What Is the Appropriate Governance Model?’ [2011] 1-2 ISLJ 14.
  • O’Leary, L., “Player Release: Securing the Pathway For Rugby League Players Selected to an International Representative Team” [2009] 17(1) British Association of Sports Law Journal.
  • O’Leary, L., “Regulating Against Player Movement in Professional Rugby League: A Competition Law Analysis of the RFL’s ‘Club-Trained Rule’” [2009] 3/4 International Sports Law Journal 38.
  • O’Leary, L., “The RFL’s ‘Club Trained Rule’: The Case for Judicial Review of Sports Governing Bodies [2009] 2 International Sports Law Review 15.
  • O’Leary, L., “Price-Fixing Between Horizontal Competitors in the English Super League” [2008] 3/4 International Sports Law Journal 77.
  • Parrish, R. (2008), ‘Access to Major Sporting Events on Television under European Law’, Journal of Consumer Policy, Issue 1, March, pp. 79-98.
  • Parrish, R. (2007), ‘Regulating Players’ Agents: A Global Perspective’, International Sports Law Journal, 2007/1-2, pp. 38-43.
  • Parrish, R. & Miettinen, S. (2007), ‘Indirect Nationality Discrimination in Community Law: An Assessment of UEFA Regulations Governing Player Eligibility for European Club Competitions (The Home-Grown Player Rule).’ Entertainment and Sports Law Journal, 5(2), pp. 13.



The Centre is engaged in funded external consultancy within its fields of expertise, and has a number of international partners with which projects requiring external expertise can be completed. To discuss a proposal and costings, please contact the Director, Professor Richard Parrish.

The Centre has recently undertaken the following consultancy activities:


Research in Action

Research in Action

Shaping European Sports Law and Policy

The Centre for Sports Law Research at Edge Hill University has been at the forefront of developments shaping the content and direction of EU sports law and policy. Sports governing bodies have long argued that sport is different to other industries and that the European Union should recognise this ‘specificity’ through the sensitive application of EU law to sporting contexts. For example, unlike in other industries, sports bodies do not set out to eliminate their opponent in the hope of securing market share. Rather sport thrives on healthy competition and mutual interdependence.

EU flag

For most of the history of the EU, sport did not feature in the EU Treaties. Some sports governing bodies argued that this disadvantaged sport because EU internal markets laws were being applied to sport without any counterbalancing force in the Treaties recognising the ‘specificity of sport’. The infamous Bosman ruling of the European Court is often highlighted as an example of this insensitive application.

The entry into force of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) in December 2009 changed the constitutional landscape for sport. The new Article 165 granted the EU the power to develop a sports policy, and crucially for the sports governing bodies, Article 165 made reference to the ‘specific nature of sport’.

The development and implementation of the EU’s post Article 165 sports policy has been substantially influenced by Professor Richard Parrish, the Director of Edge Hill’s Centre for Sports Law Research. Professor Parrish provided advice and expert testimony to key policymakers: he sat on the European Commission’s Group of Independent Sports Experts (2010), acted as Special Advisor to the UK House of Lords Inquiry into Grassroots Sport and the European Union (2011) and he co-authored the European Parliament Study The Lisbon Treaty and EU Sports Policy (2010). In 2016 Professor Parrish completed his nine month term on the European Commission’s High Level Group on Sports Diplomacy. The group, chaired by former Hungary President, Pál Schmitt, examined how sport can contribute to the delivery of the EU’s external relations agenda.Following the publication of the group’s report, the Council adopted sport diplomacy as a new EU priority in the 2017-2020 EU Work Plan for Sport.


Between 2018-2019, Professor Parrish will lead a major EU funded project looking at the operation of football agents in Europe. The study will explore ways of promoting and supporting good governance in the European football agents industry.

The above research and consultancy has helped define EU policy priorities for sport, shaped the content of sports related legislation and informed the dialogue between the European Commission and sports stakeholders and Member States.

If you would like to learn more about this topic please contact Professor Richard Parrish.

Sports Law Insights

Sports Law Insights

The Two Faces of Sports Law

Sports law is a fascinating and rapidly developing field of legal practice and academic inquiry. It is an area of law that presents two faces – a public and a private face.

The public face of sports law refers to the approach taken to sport by Government, Parliament and the Courts. The UK operates a non-interventionist sports model which implies an ‘arms-length’ role for the state in sport in which sports are organised by the sporting associations themselves rather than through state legislation. This model reflects the prevailing view in UK politics that sport is essentially a private pursuit to be organised and promoted by private interests. Nevertheless, the state has recognised that as sport performs some public and quasi-public functions, it should retain an interest in the sector, although this interest is generally elaborated through arm’s length / semi-governmental organisations such the Sports Councils. Consequently, in theory at least, sports bodies in the UK retain autonomy to determine their own organisational and regulatory choices free from state interference. In practice, these choices are restricted by statutory and judicial influences on sport most notably in the areas of:

The public face of sports law has been expanded by the increasing involvement of the European Union in sporting matters. In the 1974 Walrave judgment, the Court of Justice of the European Union stated that sport is subject to European Union law whenever it is practiced as an economic activity, although some sporting rules, such as rules restricting eligibility to represent a national team, were removed from EU oversight if they amounted to rules of purely sporting interest. The recent approach of the Court is to treat most sporting activity as falling within the scope of EU law, although the Court does recognise that certain sporting rules should be sympathetically treated, particularly within the scope of the Treaty provisions dealing with freedom of movement for workers and competition law. The ability of the European Court to recognise the special characteristics of sport when applying these Treaty provisions has been strengthened by the entry into force of Article 165 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) which calls upon the institutions of the EU to recognise the specific nature of sport. Although the relationship between UK sport and EU law is in a state of uncertainty following Brexit, the EU has been particularly influential in developing sports law in the areas of:

The private face of sports law refers to the rules and constitutions of sports governing bodies and the jurisprudence of the specialist sports tribunals and appeals bodies. In football, for example, FIFA rules establish the global parameters in which regional confederations, such as UEFA, and national associations, such as the English Football Association, devise their own set of regulations. At each level specialist sports tribunals operate to hear disputes arising from these regulations. These decisions, in some cases, can be appealed to the supreme court of sport – the Swiss based Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS). The existence of these sports tribunals and CAS has led some commentators to argue that the public face of sports law should step aside to allow sport to develop its own legal system which is more cost effective and quicker than recourse to ordinary courts. This system of sporting justice, which is often referred to as the emerging lex sportiva, has substantially shaped a range of sporting rules including those related to commercial and disciplinary matters.

EU Football Agents Project

EU Football Agents Project

Promoting and Supporting Good Governance in the European Football Agents Industry

This project received financial support under the EU’s Erasmus+ Programme (Collaborative Partnerships). The project commenced in January 2018 and will conclude in December 2019. The project is led by Edge Hill University (represented by Professor Richard Parrish) and the project partners are the Universidad Carlos III Madrid, the German Sport University Cologne, the University of Umeå in Sweden and the University of Rijeka in Croatia.

The focus of this project is to undertake evidence based research in order to promote and support good governance in the context of the regulation of football players’ agents (now referred to as ‘intermediaries’) in the EU.

Throughout the duration of the project, we will be hosting a series of international seminars designed to foster dialogue between the football stakeholders. We will also be undertaking an ambitious research plan which will detail how the FIFA Regulations on Working With Intermediaries have been implemented by national football associations across the EU.

For further information on the project, see the EU’s Erasmus+ page and follow us on Twitter at @eusportslaw.

If you have any questions regarding the project, please contact Professor Richard Parrish: parrishr@edgehill.ac.uk.

Useful Documents

Project Partners

Professor Richard Parrish
Edge Hill University

Professor Carmen Pérez González
University Carlos III Madrid

Professor Jürgen Mittag
German Sport University, Cologne

Professor Johan Lindholm
University of Umeå

Professor Vanja Smokvina
University of Rijeka, Faculty of Law

Sport & EU Conference 2018

July 3-4 2018

Sport & EU and the Centre for Sports Law Research at Edge Hill University are delighted to host the 13th Annual conference to be held at Edge Hill’s award winning campus near Liverpool, UK on the 3rd and 4th July 2018. The event brings together leading academics and sports practitioners who will discuss the major issues facing sport in Europe.

With registration fees subsidised thanks to the generous support of the EU’s Erasmus+ Programme and with affordable on-campus accommodation on offer, we aim to make this the most accessible event in our history. To add to the occasion, the conference will be held during the FIFA World Cup. Delegates, should they so wish, will also have free access to the annual EU Sports Law and Policy Summer School which will be held on July 5th 2018, the day after the conference.

Register for this event


Day 0 (July 2):

3.00-5.00 5-aside football match for delegates (mixed teams)
5.00-7.00 World Cup Football Match and drinks in Ormskirk

Day 1 (July 3):

8.00-9.00 Registration and refreshments
09.00-10.00 Plenary Welcome & Professor Jean-Loup Chappelet address
10.00-11.00 Plenary: ISU case. In discussion with Ben van Rompuy & Mark Tuitert
11.00-12.00 Panel 1: Sports Governance After ISU
Panel 2: Equality & Human Rights in Sport
12.00-1.00 Lunch
1.00-2.00 Plenary: Women in Sport with Agata Dziarnowska (European Commission), Jane Purdon (UK Sport) & Carol Couse (Mills & Reeve
2.00-3.00 Panel 3: The Football Transfer System
Panel 4: eSports
3.00-4.00 Panel 5: Child Protection in Sport
Panel 6: Doping
4.00-5.00 Free
5.00-7.00 Conference Dinner (The Cricketers, Ormskirk)
7.00-9.00 World Cup Football Knockout Stage

Day 2:

7.30-9.00: Sports activities (selection available: gym, run, swim…)
9.00-10.00 Panel 7: Major Events & Sport Diplomacy
Panel 8: Deviance & Nationalism in Sport
10.00-11.00 Plenary: EU Studies & Sport: Richard Whitman & Heidi Maurer
11.00-11.30 Refreshments
11.30-12.30 Panel 9: Contemporary Issues in Sports Law
Panel 10: Contemporary Issues in Sports Policy
12.30-1.30 Lunch
1.30-2.30 Panel 11: Club Ownership & Structures
Panel 12: Sports Injuries & the Law
2.30-3.30 Panel 13: Sports Governance
Panel 14: Intermediaries
3.30-4.00 Plenary & End

Day 3:

EU Sports Law & Policy Summer School

09.00-10.00 Sports Law: Theory & Practice
10.00-11.00 EU Sports Policy
12.00-1.00 EU Sports Law
1.00-2.00 Lunch
2.00-3.00 Football Intermediaries
3.00-4.00 Sports Broadcasting
4.00-5.00 Sports Governance


Panel 1: Sports Governance After ISU

  1. Katarina Pijetlovic (Liverpool Hope University)
    Breaking the Monopoly on the Organisational Market for Sporting Events without Breaking the Law
  2. James Carr (Association of Summer Olympic Committees)
  3. Roberto Branco Martins & E.F Grosheide (University of Amsterdam)
    Social Dialogue in Soccer: A Veil Hiding the Anti-Competitive Nature of Agreements?

Panel 2: Equality and Human Rights in Sport

  1. Sophie Cowell (University of Chester)
    A Theoretical Consideration of European Union and United Kingdom Positive Action Law and Policy, in Light of the English Football League’s Recruitment Code.
  2. Deirdre Nelson (Ulster University)
    The Right to Fight: The Status of Women in Boxing
  3. Marianna Sikorowska (Sport and Recreation Alliance)
    Representation of the female athletes in the media

Panel 3: The Football Transfer System

  1. Geoff Pearson & Aristea Koukiadaki (University of Manchester)
    Revisiting the Legality of the Football Transfer System under EU Law: New Data from the 2016 FIFPro Labour Conditions Survey
  2. Seán Ó Conaill (University of Cork)
    Football Transfer Regulations and ‘Lesser’ European Football Nations
  3. Niels Verborgh (Vrije Universiteit Brussel)
    Inequality in Football: Red Card for FIFA’s Transfer System

Panel 4: eSports

  1. Suat Cem Abanazir (Universitat Pompeu Fabra)
    esports and the EU: A Hypothetical Future Collision
  2. Stefano Bastianon (University of Bergamo)
    Are eSports Real Sports?
  3. Kevin Carpenter
    eSports: Law, Regulation and Governance.

Panel 5: Child Protection

  1. Basar Gulersen (Gedik University, Istanbul, Turkey)
    Protection of the Child Rights in Sport under International Law –Recent Welfare and Child Protection Programme of the Turkish Football Federation
  2. Matthew Rogers (affiliation)
    Protecting Minors in Football: Where are we now?
  3. Melanie Lang (Edge Hill University)
    Embedding Child Protection Policy and Practice in Sport: Responses from Designated Welfare Officers and Coaches

Panel 6: Doping

  1. Jack Anderson (Melbourne Law School)
    Whiskey in the Jar: the Michelle Smith de Bruin case revisited.
  2. Hubert Radke (Nicolas Copernicus University, Torun, Poland)
    Anti-doping system – between private and public realm. Example of Poland.
  3. An Vermeersch (Ghent University)
    Reform of the world wide anti-doping policy. A leading role for Europe?

Panel 7: Major Events & Sport Diplomacy

  1. Carmen Perez Gonzalez (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid
    Sports Diplomacy: An Attempt to Conceptualise an Overlooked Notion
  2. Özgehan Şenyuva (Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey)
    This is as far as it goes: End of Mega-Sporting Events in Europe?
  3. Marianna Pavan (University of Padova, Italy)
    Football and equality: Can/Will Football National Associations be ready for the 2024 challenge?

Panel 8: Deviance & Nationalism in Sport

  1. Christina Philippou (University of Portsmouth)
    Corporate governance anti-bribery policies for International Sports Governing Bodies
  2. Pompiliu-Nicolae Constantin (National University of Physical Education and Sports, Bucharest)
    Facing irregularities in sport: whistleblowing and watchdog journalism. The Romanian case
  3. Jan Niklas Rolf (Rhine-Waal University of Applied Sciences)
    Towards Olympism? Nationalism, cosmopolitanism and the search for a viable middle ground

Panel 9: Contemporary Issues in Sports Law

Chair: Sean Cottrell (LawinSport)

  1. Gareth Farrelly
    In discussion with
  2. Steve Flynn (Barrister, St John’s Buildings Chambers)
    In discussion with
  3. Tim O’Conner (Barrister)
    Brexit and Sport: Ireland and Cross Border Sport

Panel 10: Contemporary Issues in Sports Policy

  1. Ben Gittus (European Observatoire of Sport and Employment (EOSE))
    EU Support for Skills Development in Sport
  2. Sabine Rusmane (University of Latvia)
    A comparative analysis of governance of physical activities among school-aged children in the Baltic States: The case of Latvia
  3. Pedithep Youyuenyong (Chiang Mai University)
    Alcohol Bans at Football Grounds: An Exploration of the Differences between Scottish and Thai Law
  4. Karen Robertson (Bishop’s University, Canada)
    Keeping the Game Alive: On Derrida, Social Inclusion and Sport

Panel 11: Club Ownership & Structures

  1. Daniel Ziesche (Chemnitz University of Technology)
    Towards or Against (Super)Modern Football? Institutional Alignment and Disalignment in German and English Lower League Football Clubs
  2. Tomáš Grell (Asser International Sports Law Centre)
    Multi-club Ownership in European Football: From ENIC to Red Bull and Beyond
  3. Avital Margalit (Sapir College School of Law, Israel)
    Lex Sportiva Property Law: Regulating Ownership in Football Clubs

Panel 12: Sports Injuries and the Law

Chair: Adam Pendlebury (Edge Hill University)

  1. Dave McArdle (Stirling University)
    Concussion Awareness and Responses: Exploring Law’s Territory and Legal Consciousness in Youth Sport
  2. Liam Moore (Professional Rugby League Referee)
    Sports Injuries: A Referee’s Perspective
  3. Nick Harrison (Barrister)
    Sports Injuries: A Barrister’s Perspective

Panel 13: Sports Governance

  1. Hallgeir Gammelsaeter (Molde University College)
    Sport autonomy, specificity and state regulation
  2. Seweryn Dmowski (University of Warsaw)
    Strategic Negotiations: Football Broadcasting and Media Rights. Case Study of Polish Ekstraklasa in European Perspective
  3. Till Müller-Schoell (German Sport University Cologne)
    Labour relations in European sports – an emerging field?

Panel 14: Intermediaries

  1. Richard Parrish & Andrea Cattaneo (Edge Hill University)
    Promoting Good Governance in the European Football Agents Industry
  2. Vanja Smokvina (Faculty of Law, University of Rijeka, Croatia)
    Legal Framework on Sports Intermediaries: South and South Eastern Europe
  3. Serhat Yilmaz (Loughborough University)
    Players’ Agents: An Advocacy Coalition Framework Perspective

Local Attractions


Ormskirk is an historic Market Town in the heart of West Lancashire steeped in history and character. There’s been a market here since 1286 and today it takes place every Thursday and Saturday in the heart of the town centre. In town you can discover the 12th Century Ormskirk Parish Church. Named St Peter and St Paul, the church is one of the only three churches in the country to have both a steeple and a spire. Another historic landmark is Ormskirk’s grade-II listed Clock Tower, situated in the heart of the town centre it was built in 1876 in dramatic gothic style.

The University campus offers state of art sporting facilities, including tennis court, gym and swimming pool.


Boasting a beautiful and expansive coastline, Southport is surrounded by natural beauty, making it a great place to escape. Starting your journey along the coast, at Crosby beach you can experience the Anthony Gormley ‘Another Place’ art installation, 100 iron men standing proudly looking out to sea, which at various points throughout the day can be seen in very different ways, giving you a different experience every time.

The exhibition Viking: Rediscover the Legend is on during the period of the conference. The most significant Viking treasure hoards ever discovered in Britain will be on display. Tickets start at £5.

We would recommend, however, that you visit Liverpool or Manchester and enjoy the attractions offered by these two very lively cities!


Situated only 30 minutes from Ormskirk, Liverpool is a city with unique attractions, exciting events, world class sport offerings, unrivalled musical heritage and famously warm welcomes.

The World Heritage Site waterfront offers one of the best view of the city of Liverpool, with the Three Graces built to celebrate Liverpool’s international prestige, and proud emblems of its commercial prowess.

The music scene in Liverpool is famous and vibrant. Beatles fan may visit the Beatles story near Albert Docks, and the Cavern Club on Matthew Street. You may find live music played in a number of venues across town, from Leaf on Bold Street, to the Jacaranda on Slater Street, to the Baltic Triangle the offer is great.


Liverpool offers the possibility of visiting free museums and exhibitions across town. From the Liverpool National Museum, to the Beatles Story, to the Bluecoat, to the Liverpool Library.

The Liverpool National Museum is composed by a series of museum offering free exhibitions. Museums include The Maritime Museum, The Slavery Museum, The Tate in Liverpool, The Walker Art Gallery, The World Museum.


Near the waterfront, Liverpool One is a commercial area offering a great range of shops and restaurants. Walking on Bold Street you can reach St. Luke’s Cathedral, also known as the Bombed out Church. If you keep walking on Hardman Street, you can reach Hope Street, that connects the Liverpool Church of England Cathedral to the Catholic Cathedral.

On Hope Street you will find the Liverpool Philharmonic. A favourite of the organising committee, the Philharmonic Pub on Hope Street is a Victorian pub with wood panelling, rich tiling, leather sofas, stained glass and chandeliers.

The Baltic Triangle is probably one of the most exciting and fast growing areas of Liverpool; once the well-worn factory and workshop of the city back in the slave trade of the 1800s, now a thriving and cutting-edge destination that is at the heart of the Independent Liverpool scene and is home to a number of digital and creative businesses. The 15 minute walk, or £3 taxi from Liverpool ONE is well worth it to experience the best examples of Liverpool’s creative industry, with the former Cain’s Brewery hosting the Baltic Market and a number of bars and vintage shops.

Finally, in the north side of the town, you can visit Anfield Road (Liverpool F.C. Stadium) and Goodison Park (Everton F.C. Stadium).  Tickets for the Stadium tours start at £10.


The Art of Football

When: 14th of June – 15th of July;

Where: Venues across town

Coinciding with the 2018 FIFA World Cup, Art Of Football is a celebration of the creative culture and social fabric which underpins the beautiful game. A festival of the culture surrounding football, to coincide with the greatest football festival in the world.

Whether it be artistic expression, women’s rights, disruptive politics, people power or populism, football has become an ever more powerful platform and a ‘proxy-theatre’ in which many of the key debates of our times are played out.

From the ritualistic experience of fandom to the tapestries and soundtracks of the terraces, each facet of the modern human condition can be explored through the prism of the globe’s most beloved sport. Running for the duration of the World Cup, three large-scale exhibitions will explore these themes via photography, illustration and design, and the art of the football shirt.

China’s First Emperor and the Terracotta Warriors

When: 9th February – 28th October 2018

Where: Liverpool World Museum

Showcasing objects from one of the world’s greatest archaeological discoveries, this unmissable exhibition spans almost 1,000 years of Chinese history; from the conflicts and chaos of the Warring States period, to the achievements and legacy of the Qin and Han dynasties.

Tickets can be purchased via the link below


Only 35 minutes by train from Liverpool and you will reach Chester. Chester has the most complete Roman city walls, the oldest racecourse and the largest Roman Amphitheatre in Britain, plus a 1000 year old Cathedral with Europe’s finest example of medieval carvings – and of course the one and only 700 year old Rows galleries where shopping is a double delight.

Events in the period of the Conference include the Chester Heritage Festival where there will be a display of early books from the Chester Archaeological Society at the Grosvenor Museum, and open air cinema at the picturesque Roman Gardens.


Around 45 minutes journey from Ormskirk, Manchester is known throughout the world as the birthplace of the industrial revolution, and is a city with a proud history in science, politics, music, arts and sport. And today the city combines this heritage with a progressive vision to be a city that delivers surprise and delight in equal measures.


Manchester offers a number of attractions such as the gothic architecture at John Rylands Library and Manchester Cathedral; take in fine art at Manchester Art Gallery and the Whitworth; discover history, old and new, at Manchester Museum, the Imperial War Museum North and The Museum of Science and Industry.


A number of areas of Manchester are worth a visit. From Deansgate or Oxford Road train station you can walk on Deansgate and find the Museum of Science and Industry, Manchester Opera House, the John Ryland Library and Manchester Central Library and the Town Hall. If you keep walking, you will reach the National Football Museum, near Victoria train station.

Deansgate is a well known area where you have a range of restaurants and bars where to stop for food, drinks and music. Spinningfield, just off Deansgate, offers shops and restaurant to satisfy your cravings.

The Northern Quarter is the creative hub of Manchester. If you like craft beer and live music that is where you want to be.

15 minutes walk from Picadilly, or a 5 minutes journey on the Tram and you will reach the Etihad Stadium (Manchester City F.C.) or on the opposite way the Old Trafford (Manchester United F.C.). Tickets for the stadium tours start at £17.

Manchester has a waterfront too. The transformed docklands of the Salford and Trafford Quays are hosts iconic building such as the Lowry and the Imperial Was Museum North.


England v India IT20

When: 3th July – 17:00 – 21:30

Where: Emirates Old Trafford, Talbot Road, Trafford, Manchester, M16 0PX

On Tuesday 3 July, International T20 cricket returns to Emirates Old Trafford as England and India come face-to-face for the first NatWest International T20 clash of the series, with the likes of superstars Virat Kohli, MS Dhoni, Jos Buttler and Joe Root taking to the field in Manchester. Tickets start at £37.


EU Summer School

In 2016, Professor Richard Parrish was awarded a Jean Monnet Chair in EU Sports Law and Policy. To mark this achievement, the Centre for Sports Law Research now offers an annual EU Sports Law and Policy Summer School. The first such Summer School was held at Edge Hill University at the end of August 2017. With the generous support of the EUs Erasmus + Programme, the event was offered free of charge and it attracted delegates from across Europe. In addition to the classes delivered by Professor Parrish, delegates were able to learn from a number of experts from the Sport&EU community. The next Summer School will be held at Edge Hill in July 2018 and once again, everyone is welcome to attend.

Many of the materials from the 2017 Summer School can be found below:



The Centre for Sports Law Research has organised the following events

  • 13th Annual Sport&EU Conference, July 2018, Edge Hill University.
  • Sports Law Conference, March 16th 2018, Manchester City FC, with St John’s Buildings Chambers, Manchester.
  • eSports, March 24th 2017, Edge Hill University. Speakers: Koen Weijland, Kevin Carpenter & Roberto Branco Martins.
  • Football Law, November 18th 2016, Hotel Football, Manchester, with St John’s Buildings Chambers, Manchester.
  • Bosman at 20: The Future of Sports Law, November 27th 2015, Edge Hill University. Speakers: Sean Cottrell (LawinSport), Chris Anderson (Everton FC), Roberto Branco Martins (EFAA), Kevin Carpenter (consultant) & Alan Dafir (Front Row Legal).
  • The Regulation of Players’ Agents and Third Party Ownership, Lisbon, June 2014, with Lisbon law firm Albuquerque & Associates.
  • International Conference on ‘Football and the Law’, Radisson Edwardian Hotel, Manchester, 30th March 2012, in partnership with Brabners Chaffe Street Solicitors.
  • Workshop on ‘The Future of European Sports Law: The Lisbon Treaty and Sport’, Speakers were Maurice Watkins (Director, Manchester United FC), Professor Stephen Weatherill (University of Oxford) & Ken Foster (University of Westminster), March 2010.
  • International Conference, the Third Annual Sport&EU Conference, Edge Hill University, 4-5 July 2008.
  • International Conference, British Council-NWO Partnership Programme in Science funded international post-doctoral conference, ‘The European Commission White Paper on Sport’, Den Haag, February 2008. Papers from this event were published in Gardiner, S., Parrish, R., & Siekmann, R. (eds) (2009), EU Sport, Law and Policy: Regulation, Re-regulation and Representation, Den Haag: TMC Asser Press, pp. 619.


To contact the Centre, please email Professor Richard Parrish.

Edge Hill University
Centre for Sports Law Research
St Helens Road
L39 4QP
United Kingdom

01695 657609