A Senior Lecturer in Law at Edge Hill University has recommended the UK government should tackle the root causes of migration, promptly provide legal ways into Europe and not push-back rescued or intercepted migrants to Libya for possible abuse and torture.
Dr Mariagiulia Giuffré, made her recommendations to the UK Foreign Affairs Committee as part of their inquiry into the management of migration in the Mediterranean.
She submitted evidence focussing on Italy and Libya’s cooperation on migration control and the UK’s cooperation with the EU and Member States to address irregular migration.
The inquiry follows the death of over 2,277 in the Mediterranean Sea in 2018. Dr Giuffré, said:
“I concluded my written evidence by answering what more can be done to address Europe’s response to irregular migration in the Mediterranean. Rather than reinforcing logics of migration control through cooperation with countries of origin and transit of migrants and refugees, European States should tackle the root causes that push people to migrate, such as internal and international conflicts, violence and poverty.
“Legal pathways to Europe, including visa on humanitarian grounds, should be promptly provided to avoid dangerous journeys and ensure safe access to international protection.”
“Migrants intercepted and rescued in the central Mediterranean should not be pushed-back to Libya as it is far from being a safe country, and restrictions on Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) carrying out search and rescue at sea should be lifted.
“The EU and Member States should urgently reconsider their operational support to the Libyan Coastguard who is clearly involved in the mistreatment of migrants at sea and suspend cooperation with Libyan authorities until the detention centres, where migrants are reportedly abused and tortured, are shut down.”
Dr Giuffré is also a Research Affiliate to the Refugee Law Initiative (RLI) an academic centre focussing on international refugee law and an Associate to ASGI (Italian Association for Juridical Studies on Immigration).