Medicine

Journals & Databases

These collections provide instant access to scholarly research, journal articles and book reviews. They may be accessed 24/7 and each collection has its own help and guidance on the home page.

Journal & Database Collections

  • Anatomy TV provides 3D models and illustrations of human anatomy.
  • BMJ Best Practice is a clinical decision support tool that offers a step-by-step approach to help manage patient diagnosis, prognosis, treatment and prevention.
    • You need to login for the first time either through a university PC or on a mobile or laptop connected to Eduroam.
    • When you first access BMJ Best Practice you will be prompted to create an account.
    • Once you have created an account with your university email address you will be able to get access off site.
    • Once you have an account you can download an app for use on or off campus.
    • Further information on creating an account is available here.
  • Childlink is unique in providing European, British and Irish information. Childlink has been designed to give the most up to the minute, easily accessible, cost effective service that includes information on Welfare, Education, Health, Lifestyle, Justice, Youth Affairs, Employment, and Benefit Issues.
  • CINAHL Complete Access to top nursing and allied health journals, evidence-based care sheets and quick lessons providing overviews of disease and conditions.
  • Cochrane Library contains 6 databases all of which are searched simultaneously: Includes research on the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of healthcare interventions. Systematic reviews, meta-analysis, cost-effectiveness and randomised controlled trial research studies are included within the Cochrane Library. A user guide, videos and webinar recordings are available from the Cochrane Library Training Hub.
  • Emerald Insight Contains a collection of journals for professionals and practitioners in the areas of health and social care, learning disabilites, childrens services, mental health and community.
  • Internurse A collection of 18 full text journals covering nursing, nurse prescribing, childrens, mental health, community and palliative care nursing.
  • PsycARTICLES Full-text articles from 63 journals published by the American Psychological Association.
  • PsycINFO Psychology database from the American Psychological Association (APA), containing citations and summaries of scholarly journal articles, book chapters, books, and dissertations.
  • PubMed comprises more than 25 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books.
  • ScienceDirect is home to almost one-quarter of the world’s peer-reviewed full-text scientific, technical, social and medical content.
  • Scopus is the world’s largest abstract and citation database, containing 24,600 journals from 5,000 publishers. It is excellent for literature reviews or for finding out what has been published in your area as it can locate high quality journal articles, book chapters and more, for any subject.
  • Wiley Online Library A large multi-disciplinary database covering medicine and health, nursing, psychology, social work and policy, family and children and education.

Evidence Based Research

Medical professionals rely on information that is evidence-based in order to make the right decisions for patient care. What does that mean, really?

Evidence-based means that the information you as a professional use, is based on sound research, not someone’s opinion. Typically, that means you must locate the best, published research studies on the topic under enquiry. The published article (sometimes in paper, but most often in electronic form) presents the actual research results, so that you can see how the conclusions were reached. In addition, the researcher provides data to support those conclusions.

Finding the Evidence

  • BASE is one of the world’s most voluminous search engines especially for academic open access web resources.
  • CINAHL Complete Useful for postgraduates/researchers and more intermediate/advanced searchers.
  • CORE gives you access to millions of scholarly articles aggregated from many Open Access repositories.
  • NICE Evidence Search provides access to selected and authoritative evidence in health, social care and public health.
  • PubMed comprises more than 25 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books.

Appraising the Evidence

Assessing the strengths and weaknesses of research articles is required to determine the validity, reliability and applicability of the research to clinical practice.

Checklists

Recommended Resources

  • Analyse This free online tutorial to help students learn how to analyse research data.
  • Bandolier an independent journal about evidence-based healthcare, written by Oxford scientists.
  • BestBets Best Evidence topic reviews (BETs) provide rapid evidence-based answers to real-life clinical questions, using a systematic approach to reviewing the literature.
  • How to Read Health News – an article from Alicia White via the ‘Behind the Headlines’ website to help you make sense of news stories about health-related issues.
  • TRIP: Turning Research into Practice a clinical search tool designed to allow health professionals to rapidly identify the highest quality clinical evidence for clinical practice.

Newspapers

Database trial

We have a trial subscription of International Newstream. This has recent and archive coverage from over 660 newspapers from outside the USA and Canada, including Daily Telegraph, Financial Times, Guardian and The Times. The trial will run until 31st January 2020.

Newspapers can be a useful way of keeping up to date with current affairs or recent events. Daily newspapers can be found in Catalyst, in the area underneath the main staircase. The last 30 days’ worth are kept on the second floor in the Journals collection.  Newspaper archives usually contain issues which are less recent and which are useful for finding articles of a more historical interest.

  • Daily Mail Historical Archive 1896-2004 contains news stories and images that capture 20th century culture and society. Offers full page and article images with searchable full text back to the first issue.
  • Infotrac Newsstand contains articles from over 2300 newspapers from around the world. These include major British newspapers, as well as US and Australian titles. It also has thousands of images, radio and TV broadcasts and transcripts.
  • LexisNexis contains over 650 regional and national UK newspapers from 1982 to the present. It is possible to limit your search to either national or regional titles, or you can search the whole of the newspaper database.
  • Times Digital Archive contains every issue of The Times from 1785 to 1985. You can search by keyword or for a particular issue and each story appears as it looks in the original copy of the newspaper.

Useful Websites

  • British National Formulary (BNF) is the standard pharmaceutical reference for information and advice on prescribing and pharmacology, as well as information about specific medicines.
  • Department of Health & Social Care is the government department with responsibility for policy in health and social care in England. It has responsibility for some areas of health and social care in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, although this is largely a devolved area.
  • General Medical Council is the public body which maintains the register of medical practitioners in the UK, sets standards for the medical profession and oversees medical education and training.
  • The King’s Fund is an independent charity and policy institute dedicated to the improvement of health and care in England.
  • NHS England oversees the budget, planning, delivery and day-to-day operation of the NHS in England.
  • NHS Improvement oversees foundation trusts and NHS trusts, as well as independent providers that provide NHS-funded care.
  • Patient is an online resource providing information on health, lifestyle, disease and other medical related topics. The website’s aim is to provide members of the public with up-to-date information on health related topics.
  • Public Health England are responsible for protecting and improving health and well-being, as well as reducing health inequalities in England.
  • World Medical Association is an international confederation of professional medical associations. It aims to improve standards in medical ethics, medical education, medical science and health care throughout the world.

Royal Societies

  • Royal College of Anaesthetists is responsible for the speciality of anaesthesia in the UK. It formulates the standards for anaesthesia, critical care and pain and oversees the training of anaesthetists, physicians’ assistants (anaesthesia), and practicing critical care physicians.
  • Royal College of Emergency Medicine is the professional body which is responsible for the training standards and the administration of the professional examinations in emergency medicine.
  • Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists is the professional body that sets the national clinical guidelines for women’s health care in the UK. They also set the framework and curriculum for post-graduate study in obstetrics and gynaecology.
  • Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh is a royal medical college that, jointly with the Royal College of Physicians of London and the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow, sets the training standards for physicians in the UK.
  • Royal College of Physicians of London is a professional body that aims to improve health care through the formulation of evidence based policy, the development of guidelines and standards and the accreditation of physicians.
  • Royal College of Radiologists oversee the fields of clinical oncology and clinical radiology in the UK. They have responsibility for the professional standards of practice in these specialities and for the curriculum for those training to enter the profession.

 

Referencing

Referencing the sources of information you use is an essential part of academic writing and it’s important to get it right.  Referencing is the acknowledgment of all the sources that have been cited in your assignment, whether you have quoted directly or paraphrased.

Check with your tutor about which referencing style they want you to use.

Some programmes within Medicine use the Vancouver referencing style.  For guidance on using Vancouver, click here.  You can also access the Vancouver referencing toolkit.  Further information and examples of references are available from the U.S. National Library of Medicine website.

If your programme requires you to reference using Edge Hill Harvard style, click here.