Citations

Citations

Citation searching

When you locate useful articles for your research, their reference lists can provide avenues to extend your research strategy. A useful technique is citation searching which allows you to locate more recent articles which have subsequently cited the original ones.

When undertaking search strategies in the Web of Science database,  once you have located any relevant article(s), select the Times Cited tab on the toolbar and then on each individual article click onto  the title. In the citation network box you can follow the links to both the articles citing it and the articles it references.

Cited Reference searching

 Another useful tool in Web of Science is the Cited Reference search.  This enables you to find newer references based on an older already known reference. If you search for a specific article it will locate subsequent citations, even if it has been incorrectly cited by other authors.

If you select Cited Reference Search from the main search toolbar and complete as many fields you can to ensure you locate the specific item you require (you can add extra fields if required to ensure specificity). Undertake a search and then select/deselect the relevant citations. Finish search will bring up the list of results. There is a  useful video explaining the process.

Measuring impact

Bibliometrics is the quantitative analysis of research publications and citations, and is one of the ways that the academic impact of a journal, article or author can be measured.

MyRI is a useful site developed by Irish academic libraries for exploring bibliometrics.

Metrics are generated using statistical analyses, based on the number of outputs published by a particular author, group, institution, or journal, and the number of citations these outputs have received. They can be used to evaluate the influence of an article, author or journal. There are numerous tools available that can be used to provide this analysis and the data produced will vary depending on the coverage of each product or database. It is therefore recommended that that a ‘basket of metrics’ is utilised.

If you would like to learn more about the different metric tools available and what they do please visit the Metrics toolkit 

If you would like to discuss metrics please contact Annette Ramsden

Web of Science allows you to analyse citation data at the article and author level. You can track the impact of an article through its citation count and you can easily track your own citations and see who has been using your work by looking up your papers in Web of Science (if they have been indexed there)

Web of Science also has Journal Citation Reports (JCR), which allows you to analyse, compare and rank journal titles based on their publication and citation data. This is arranged in subject categories. They also produce the Journal Impact Factor (JIF) which uses citation data to assess and track the impact of a journal in relation to other journals.

CiteScore is a free to use metric tool powered by Scopus (Elsevier) generated data. You can access the metrics of an individual journal or compare journals in subject categories.

Google Scholar Metrics tracks citations across a much wider range of documents, including books, working papers, reports and grey literature so citation counts tend to be higher than other products. It ranks publications in research area categories. You can also set up a Google Scholar profile and track the citation of your research outputs.