Professor Andrew Millie


Andrew Millie is Professor of Criminology and Assistant Head of the Department of Law and Criminology, Edge Hill University. He is also Director of the Police Research Unit. Andrew came to Edge Hill from the University of Glasgow in 2011 and his research centres on the intersection between criminology, philosophy and theology. He is currently working on three strands of work: 1) the relevance of Christian theology to criminal justice; 2) the possibility of an aesthetic criminology; and 3) the visual culture and architecture of policing. This third strand is part of an ESRC-funded project on Visible Policing working with colleagues at Northumbria University and the Open University.

Andrew’s latest book is a collection entitled “Criminology and Public Theology: On Hope, Mercy and Restoration” (2021). Andrew is also the author of “Philosophical Criminology” (2016).

Editor of the Bristol University Press series “New Horizons in Criminology

Member of the Research Advisory Group for the Howard League for Penal Reform

Associate of the Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research (SCCJR)

Current Projects

Christian Theology and Criminal Justice

In 2018 Andrew hosted an interdisciplinary seminar on criminology and public theology. This has resulted in an edited collection “Criminology and Public Theology: On Hope, Mercy and Restoration” published by Bristol University Press in 2021 that brings together leading criminologists and theologians to challenge criminal justice orthodoxy, to question the dominance of retributive punishment, and to consider alternatives that draw on Christian ideas of hope, mercy and restoration. This is the first time in four decades the two subjects have come together in this way.

Aesthetic Criminology

Over recent years Andrew has explored the relevance of aesthetics to criminological concerns and has put forward an aesthetic criminology that is interested in all the senses, in emotive and affective responses to sensory encounters and the regulation of tastes. This had led to articles being published in ‘Crime, Media, Culture’ and the ‘British Journal of Criminology’.

Visible Policing

Andrew is currently funded by the ESRC to explore the structural and communicative impacts of different forms of police presence and visibility. Andrew is interested particularly in the communicative properties of police architecture. This is in partnership with colleagues at Northumbria University (Mike Rowe and Liam Ralph) and the Open University (Matthew Jones). Details of the project are available at:

Postgraduate Research Students

Andrew welcomes applications from prospective MRes and PhD students, especially on aspects of Christian theology and criminal justice, aesthetic criminology, philosophical criminology or the visual culture of policing.

Current students

Sharon Dickinson (PhD): “Gentrification, criminalisation and the rise of DIY skateparks: An investigation into the social production of urban space”

Holly Devlin (PhD): “The differing application of the principle of Nullum Crimen Sine Lege between International Criminal Tribunals and International Human Rights Bodies”

Former students

Jan Adams (PhD): “Everyday morality and anti-social behaviour” – PhD awarded

Sharon Dickinson (MRes): “‘It’s our city too’: A phenomenological exploration of the lived experience of skateboarders who are excluded from public spaces in Manchester” – MRes awarded

Grace Robinson (PhD): “Gangs and Child Criminal Exploitation: A Case Study of Merseyside” – PhD awarded



  • PhD “Crime in the City Centre: Patterns and Perception of Risk. A Case Study of Swansea”, University of Wales Swansea, 1997
  • PG Cert in Learning and Teaching in Higher Education, University of Wolverhampton, 2006
  • BA (Hons) Geography, University of Wales Swansea, 1991


  • CRI3023 Crime and Place
  • CRI3024 Criminology and Philosophy

Research Interests

  • Criminology
  • Philosophy
  • Theology
  • Aesthetic criminology
  • Human Geography
  • Policing

Recent Publications

(full details on Edge Hill Research Pure)

Millie, A. (ed.) (2021) Criminology and Public Theology: On Mercy, Hope and Restoration, Bristol: Bristol University Press.

Millie, A. (2021) ‘Public theology, criminology and hope’, in A. Millie (ed.) Criminology and Public Theology: On Mercy, Hope and Restoration, Bristol: Bristol University Press.

Adams, J. and Millie, A. (2021) ‘Everyday moral judgements of anti-social behaviour’, Crime Prevention and Community Safety, 23(1) 56–68.

Millie, A. (2020) Turning away from retribution: How criminology might find inspiration in Christian theology, Bristol University Press Blog.

Millie, A. (2019) ‘Crimes of the senses: Yarn bombing and aesthetic criminology’, British Journal of Criminology, 59(6) 1269–1287

Millie, A. (2019) ‘Citizens in policing: The lived reality of being a Police Support Volunteer’, Policing and Society, 29(4) 407-419.

Millie, A. and Wells, H. (2019) ‘Contemporary policing and non-warranted volunteering’, Policing and Society, 29(4) 371-375.

Millie, A. (2018) ‘The beliefs and values of police volunteers’, in K. Bullock and A. Millie (eds.) The Special Constabulary: Historical Context, International Comparisons and Contemporary Themes, Abingdon: Routledge.

Millie, A. and Hirschler, S. (2018) New Recruits in the Police: A Study of Attitudes, Values and Beliefs, Ormskirk: Edge Hill University.

Bullock, K. and Millie, A. (eds.) (2018) The Special Constabulary: Historical Context, International Comparisons and Contemporary Themes, Abingdon: Routledge.

Millie, A. (2017) ‘Urban Interventionism as a Challenge to Aesthetic Order: Towards an Aesthetic Criminology’, Crime, Media, Culture, 13(1) 3-20.

Millie, A. (2016) Philosophical Criminology, Bristol: Policy Press.

Millie, A. (2016) Volunteering within the Police: Experiences of Special Constables and Police Support Volunteers, Ormskirk: Edge Hill University.

Millie, A. (2014) ‘The aesthetics of anti-social behaviour’, in S. Pickard (ed.) Anti-Social Behaviour in Britain: Victorian and Contemporary Perspectives, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Millie, A. (2014) ‘Reassurance policing and signal crimes’, in G. Bruinsma and D. Weisburd (eds.) Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice, New York: Springer.

Millie, A. (2014) ‘What are the police for? Rethinking policing post-austerity’, in J. Brown (ed.) The Future of Policing, London: Routledge.

Millie, A. (2014) ‘The case for a narrower focus to policing’, The Great Debate: How Wide or Narrow Should the Police’s Remit Be? Public Safety Leadership Research Focus, 2(4) 1-4. Australian Institute for Police Management.

Millie, A. (2013) ‘The policing task and the expansion (and contraction) of British policing’, Criminology and Criminal Justice, 13(2) 143-160.

Millie, A. (2013) ‘Replacing the ASBO: An opportunity to stem the flow into the Criminal Justice System’, in A. Dockley and I. Loader (eds.) The Penal Landscape: The Howard League Guide to Criminal Justice in England and Wales, London: Routledge.

Millie, A. and Bullock, K. (2013) ‘Policing in a time of contraction and constraint: re-imagining the role and function of contemporary policing’, Criminology and Criminal Justice, 13(2) 133-142.

Recent Plenaries and Invited Lectures

March 2019, Aesthetic criminology and taste: Sensory, affective and emotional stories of crime and punishment, Narrative Justice: A British Society of Aesthetics Conference, Edge Hill University.

April 2018, Public theology, criminology and hope, Criminology and Public Theology Seminar, Edge Hill University.

November 2017, Criminology, philosophy and Christian theology, Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge.

September 2017: Attitudes, beliefs and values of new recruits within Lancashire Constabulary, Evidence-Based Policing Research Champions Event, Lancashire Constabulary Headquarters.

March 2017, Christian theology as a challenge to criminal justice, Institute of Criminal Justice Studies, University of Portsmouth.

October 2016, Philosophical Criminology – Book Launch, Edge Hill University.

October 2014, How wide or narrow should the police’s remit be? Second International Conference on Law Enforcement and Public Health, VU University, Amsterdam.

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