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Britishness, Identity and Belonging

This project is led by Dr Francis Farrell with co-investigators Dr Shereen Shaw and Professor Vini Lander (Leeds Beckett). The project grew out of earlier work undertaken over the 2015-2016 by Francis Farrell and Vini Lander on Secondary Religious Education teachers’ views of the requirement to promote fundamental British values.

To gain a wider perspective on the impact of British values, the team conducted a case study in a secondary school of a group of young people’s views of British identity. The study found that some youngsters from BAME backgrounds felt marginalised by the debate on Britishness noting that they were born in Britain but not considered British enough given their cultural and religious positioning.  They voiced dismay that the debate on fundamental British values served to place them on the margins even though they felt they were British and had a role to play in British society.  

In 2016 the Brexit referendum on Britain’s membership of the European Union led to a spike in hate crimes motivated by racial and religious discrimination. The fearful environment created by Brexit has far reaching implications for students and educators, raising questions about its impact on their outlook, sense of belonging and identity.

Funded through Edge Hill University’s Research Investment Fund, the Britishness, Identity and Belonging project was designed to investigate what young people think being British means to them in post referendum Britain. Data was collected in 2018-2019 through group interviews with young people, who shared their views on British identity, race, religion and education. Four secondary schools and two youth groups participated in the project. Three events were organised as part of the project including two school linking days and a young peoples’ roundtable discussion which explored their hopes and fears as young citizens in a post referendum Britain.

Drawing from Critical Race Theory (Delgado and Stefancic, 2017) the study aimed to foreground and privilege the experiences and the views of young people. The research focussed on the young people’s counter stories and real-life dilemmas, ‘lived up close’ and what they revealed about the sort of education they wanted.

Findings showed:

• For BAME young people racism is a painful daily reality and can take a variety of forms including social media bullying campaigns and verbal abuse.
• Young people want more anti-racist education.
• Young people want to learn about each other’s communities, culture and religions through experience by attending exchange visits and schools linking events.
• Young people want to talk about politics and want more political education.
• Young people want open honest debate and ‘truth’.
• There is no consensus on what Britishness means and for some it is a racialised concept that can be used to divide people.
• Young people want knowledgeable teachers who are well trained, committed and get the facts right about religions so they aren’t misrepresented.

Next steps

In the next phase of Britishness, Identity and Belonging the team aims to turn the young peoples’ observations and recommendations into action by working in partnership with them, their schools and youth groups, including new research partners from schools and colleges that have expressed an interest in joining the project, to form an anti-racist educational network.

The aim is to facilitate programmes of:

• Experiential learning through school links events, so students can learn about culture, religion and lifestyle through encounter and dialogue

• Young peoples’ civics events, roundtable events which allow for the open honest debate, particularly centred on questions of race, identity and religion that the young people called for

• to create curricula, models of learning and teaching and resources that address issues of citizenship, race and identity in post referendum Britain.

A full report based on the findings of the Britishness, Identity and Belonging project can be found here [tbc]

Films made during the project can be accessed here [tbc]

See also: