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LLM International Cyber Regulation & Policy

Immerse yourself in the legal and policy regimes governing the supply and use of telecommunications and cyber technology, exploring the regulation of networks, services, communications and infringements.

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      • International Students Can Apply
      • Work Placement Opportunity


      Course Length: 1 Year Full-Time, 2 Years Part-Time
      Start Dates: October 2022
      Subjects: Law
      Location: Edge Hill University

      Investigating the legal, social and economic issues surrounding digital technology, digital currency and artificial intelligence, this interdisciplinary taught Masters allows you to bring together the profound and exciting areas of computing and law.  This Masters will allow you to examine the legal and regulatory frameworks, and policing of cyber space, current and emerging technology.

      Delivered by leading academic and practitioner experts, you will discover the major challenges faced by lawmakers in regulating cyberspace and technology, such as artificial intelligence. Developing legal research skills and problem-solving skills to gain specialist insight in resolving complex issues, you can explore topics such as regulatory and governance theory, cyber property and cyber rights, terrorism and serious organised criminal use of technology, cybercrime and information security.

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      In Depth

      What will I study?

      The programme begins with three compulsory modules. The first of these will develop your critical and evaluative knowledge and understanding of legal research methods and theories, preparing you to design and plan a research project on a relevant topic of your choice.

      The second compulsory module critically examines the scope, meaning and multi-faceted concerns of the area of cyber law and policy. You will analyse the challenges and tensions that cyber law generates for traditional ways of thinking, including the formulation and effective enforcement of the rule of law and legal settlements in the information society.

      The third compulsory module examines the national, European and international regulatory telecommunications frameworks for network and service providers.

      On completion of these compulsory modules, you will choose three optional modules which interrogate the issue of law enforcement and the protection of rights in cyberspace from a range of perspectives. You can choose to examine the protection of intellectual property rights; the detection, investigation and prosecution of cybercrime; the policing of counter terrorism and communications law; information systems security management; and/or the regulatory challenges of emergent cyber technologies.

      While studying these optional modules, you will begin to formulate, refine and undertake research in preparation for the culmination of the programme which is a 15,000-word dissertation.

      How will I study?

      You will be taught in small groups through tutor-led lectures and interactive student-led seminars, while also having the opportunity to engage with your tutors on a one-to-one basis through personal tutorials, research supervision, and learning consolidation sessions.

      Full-time students will typically attend three two-hour seminars per week while also watching three one-hour pre-recorded lectures per week for each module. Typically, full-time students would need to commit to two days per week on campus for their seminars and related student support and pastoral activities. The commitment for part-time students would typically be one day per week on campus.

      You will also be supported in securing work experience of up to 60 hours, paid or unpaid, in an appropriate legal practice or in a relevant role within an IT or telecommunications company. This is not a compulsory part of the course but is designed to provide you with the opportunity to gain experience if you are not already employed in such a setting and may form the basis of your dissertation. The work placement would enable you to enhance your employability by applying your knowledge, skills and competencies of telecommunications regulations and cyberspace regulatory enforcement in a real-world setting.

      How will I be assessed?

      Typically, you will be assessed through the submission of one piece of coursework for each taught module and the submission of a dissertation that may be a work-related research project. The coursework may be in the form of essays or problem-based case scenarios.

      You will be assessed individually though on some occasions you will be invited to work as part of a team with your peers.

      Who will be teaching me?

      You will be taught by experts in cyber regulation who have published extensively on the key themes of the programme or who have first-hand professional experience of working in law enforcement in these fields.

      Research interests of the programme team include cyber and telecommunications law and policy, counter terrorism and communications law, intellectual property law, media law, European competition and regulatory law, and preventative legal measures against organised crime.

      The programme also draws on the significant professional applied expertise located in the Department of Law and Criminology’s Policing team, particularly in relation to cybercrime detection and investigation.

      A Great Study Environment

      Students walk near the Law and Psychology building.The £6m Law and Psychology building provides contemporary teaching and learning facilities for students in the Department of Law and Criminology and the Department of Psychology.

      The Department of Law and Criminology is located on the first floor of the three-storey building which includes a 250-seat lecture theatre, seminar and tutorial rooms, and social learning areas which encourage a more informal and interactive style of learning.

      The programme is being supported by the establishment of a new research unit in information technology law. As an LLM student you will automatically become a member of this research unit and be expected to assist in the development of a series of research-related and extra-curricular activities. These could include institutional visits to courts and relevant organisations and the establishment of a cyber law and policy employer stakeholder group.

      You will also be invited to a range of guest lectures, conferences and workshops arranged by the Department of Law and Criminology, as well as being encouraged to join the Edge Hill University Law and Criminology Society. This student-led body offers a range of activities from educational visits and mentoring opportunities to a debating society and monthly social events.


      Expand All

      LAW4010Research for Advanced Legal Studies (20 credits)

      Research for Advanced Legal Studies acquaints you with the advanced research skills, methods and methodologies appropriate for postgraduate research. The module provides you with the opportunity to produce a research proposal that will form the basis of your dissertation. You will be guided in accessing legal resources, devising research questions, writing literature reviews, conducting quantitative and qualitative legal research, developing skills in academic writing, understanding academic publishing, and delivering oral presentations. Research ethics will also be considered.

      Assessment: Coursework: 100%.

      LAW4011Cyber Law and Policy (20 credits)

      Cyber Law and Policy explores the major challenges, both theoretical and practical, faced by lawmakers in regulating cyberspace. The module examines the extent to which traditional legal rules, predicated on the dual foundations of the physicality of goods, persons and jurisdictional boundaries, have been (or need to be) re-evaluated and re-framed in order to be extended effectively to cyberspace. The aim is to investigate the extent to which the regulation of cyberspace requires innovation in designing and enforcing laws which can be applied in the digital environment. Initially examining the essential systemic elements that comprise cyberspace, you will also assess and critique a number of legal schools of thought regarding the regulation of cyberspace. The module will focus on the relationship between law, social norms, markets and the architecture and code of the digital environment in shaping the regulation of cyberspace. The challenges of algorithmic regulation will be assessed, as will the tension and balance between government regulation and the self-regulation of cyberspace by dominant private stakeholders and players. These include the likes of Google, Microsoft and Facebook who are broadly considered to be the gatekeepers of the internet information society.

      Assessment: Coursework: 100%.

      LAW4012European and International Telecommunications Law and Policy (20 credits)

      European and International Telecommunications Law and Policy examines the law that regulates the provision of telecommunications, communications networks and services, including selected areas of the regulation of content such as certain information society services. The aim is to highlight the links that exist between the regulation of networks, services and content delivered over electronic communications networks using electronic communications services. The main focus of the module will be the legal frameworks of the European Union, while also examining the United States telecommunications law and regulation, as well as the roles of the International Telecommunications Union and World Trade Organisation. You will explore the rules on the authorisation and licensing of networks and services, on access and interconnection, on universal service obligations of networks and service providers, and on the development and promotion of competition in telecommunications markets. You will also examine the institutions, tools and remedies available for public and private enforcement of the telecommunications legal frameworks.

      Assessment: Coursework: 100%.

      LAW4016Dissertation (60 credits)

      Dissertation represents the culmination of your critical engagement with the subject area of international cyber regulation and policy. It enables you to study a relevant topic in considerable depth, make appropriate methodological choices with which to answer research questions, and work with your supervisor to plan, organise, conduct and write-up an in-depth research project. By completing a dissertation, you will demonstrate an advanced, critical and comprehensive knowledge of a chosen aspect of the subject area, present logical conclusions and recommendations on the issues subjected to scrutiny, as well as locating and synthesising materials from diverse sources to produce a coherent, well-presented and correctly referenced thesis.

      Assessment: Coursework: 100%.

      You will select three of the following modules:

      CIS4116Emerging Technologies (20 credits)

      Emerging Technologies equips you with an advanced understanding of emerging technology and develops the appropriate skills to critically evaluate their suitability, impact and applicability to new scenarios. As computing is constantly changing , with advances in hardware, software and methodologies resulting in new systems being constantly developed and new application areas being discovered, this module exposes you to a range of current issues of importance. The module also strengthens your ability to identify and analyse ethical issues related to the use of new technology for both development and research purposes, including an overview of the professional and legal constraints within which computing specialists operate.

      Assessment: Coursework: 80%, Practical(s): 20%.

      CIS4124Information Security Management (20 credits)

      Information Security Management outlines the process by which information assets are assessed in order to determine the threats and corresponding risks to those assets. Information assets are of critical importance to organisations in both public and private sectors. Information security therefore needs to be considered in a systematic way to ensure that a comprehensive and effective system exists for identifying and controlling risks. Furthermore, there are legal imperatives which have a critical impact on information security. You will develop analytical and evaluative skills in the context of a complex and unpredictable systems environment in order to be able to develop an information security management System that is fit for purpose. The module also encompasses the methods required for controlling risks, providing a systemic view of the process and exploring legal compliance issues.

      Assessment: Coursework: 100%.

      LAW4013Regulating Intellectual Property Law in Cyber Space (20 credits)

      Regulating Intellectual Property Law in Cyber Space critically examines the key principles of international intellectual property (IP) law. IP plays an increasingly important role in international trade and economic development. Many businesses are engaging in international commerce and e-commerce on some level. A significant number of companies have foreign subsidiaries or affiliates, and even purely domestic entities can become involved in international transactions in a variety of ways. Intellectual property assets will often be a component of such international transactions. As globalisation increases, new technologies evolve and national boundaries become more penetrable, particularly in cyberspace, there is a corresponding need for well-developed knowledge regarding international intellectual property law. This module examines the nature and scope of IP rights and procedures on a national, regional and international basis. You will examine the granting and recognition of these rights, mechanisms for enforcement and defences against enforcement, with particular reference to online infringements and means of protection. The module critically reviews the role of international institutions concerned with IP and analyses the international protection of copyright and associated patents, rights, trademarks and designs, with a particular focus on cyberspace.

      Assessment: Coursework: 100%.

      LAW4014Counter Terrorism and Communications Law (20 credits)

      Counter Terrorism and Communications Law explores the key aspects of policing counter terrorism in the 21st century. The module focuses on the surveillance of communications, digital communications and content, cloud systems access, big data (including associated issues linked with individuals’ human rights of privacy), and data privacy. You will examine key legislation and governmental policy, both national and international, as well as explore key terminology and concepts around counter terrorism, from radicalisation and extremism to home grown terrorism, interventions, and the PREVENT and CONTEST strategies. You will also look at the organisational structures and inter-relationships that exist within counter terrorism policing, such as the UK’s Counter Terrorism Unit, the UK’s Security Service (MI5), the Government Communication Headquarters (GCHQ) and Special Branch. International counter terrorism policing, such as Europol, the BKA (Germany’s Federal Criminal Police Office) and the USA’s FBI and National Security Agency will be examined, including the role of information and intelligence sharing through the 5 Eyes, 9 Eyes and 14 Eyes networks.

      Assessment: Coursework: 100%.

      LAW4015Cyber Crime - Detection, Investigation and Enforcement (20 credits)

      Cyber Crime – Detection, Investigation and Enforcement considers the different types of technology and devices that impact on policing, the use of social media in policing and how digital material is used in intelligence and investigation. Equipping you with an understanding of digital technology, internet protocol, social media, and the Deep Web and Dark Web, the module will provide an insight into how technology and social media can be used in everyday policing, community engagement, intelligence and criminal investigations. You will examine the different types of cyber-dependent and cyber-enabled crimes, assessing their scope, their impact on victims, the respective investigation processes and the key legislation and regulations. The module will also analyse how technological devices and digital material are recovered and used as evidence, including exploring the growing number of issues and guidelines relating to the disclosure of such material in the criminal justice process.

      Assessment: Coursework: 100%.


      You can expect to receive your timetable at enrolment. Please note that while we make every effort to ensure that timetables are as student-friendly as possible, scheduled teaching can take place on any day or evening of the week.


      Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of our published course information, however our programmes are subject to ongoing review and development. Changing circumstances may necessitate alteration to, or the cancellation of, courses.

      Changes may be necessary to comply with the requirements of accrediting bodies, revisions to subject benchmarks statements, to keep courses updated and contemporary, or as a result of student feedback. We reserve the right to make variations if we consider such action to be necessary or in the best interests of students.

      Entry Criteria

      Entry Requirements

      You should have a degree equivalent to UK first-class or second-class honours (2:2 or above) in law, a relevant IT-based discipline, or a relevant non-law degree in the humanities or social sciences.

      Relevant professional qualifications or suitable work experience will also be considered.

      An interview forms part of the selection process for applicants with non-law degrees.

      English Language Requirements

      International students require IELTS 6.5, with a score no lower than 6.0 in each individual component, or an equivalent English language qualification.

      If your current level of English is half a band lower, either overall or in one or two elements, you may want to consider our Pre-Sessional English course.

      Recognition of Prior Learning

      Edge Hill University recognises learning gained elsewhere, whether through academic credit and qualifications acquired from other relevant courses of study or through recognition of an individual’s professional and employment experience (also referred to as ‘experiential learning’). This may include credit or learning undertaken at another university.

      Previous learning that is recognised in this way may be used towards meeting the entry requirements for a programme and/or for exemption from part of a programme. It is your responsibility to make a claim for recognition of prior learning. For guidance, please consult the University’s academic regulations (sections C7 and F3.1) or contact the faculty in which you are interested in studying.

      Career Prospects

      What are my career prospects?

      On successful completion of this programme, you will be ideally placed to secure employment with an independent legal practice firm with expertise in the defence of the infringement of rights matters, such as intellectual property rights, data privacy rights, and access and authorisation rights, and law enforcement agencies, such as working as part of a cybercrime policing unit.

      You will also be especially well suited to compliance roles in the legal departments of IT companies, such as internet access platforms, or national telecommunications regulatory bodies. Alternatively, you may wish to proceed to PhD study and potentially embark on a research career in these areas of the law.

      In addition to gaining expert insight into the regulation of telecommunications and cyber technology, key graduate attributes developed through the course include the ability to locate, identify, evaluate and apply rules in order to solve complex regulatory problems.

      You will graduate with personal and professional attributes including self-management and self-direction, personal responsibility, evidence-based practice and flexibility. You will also be able to demonstrate the ability to communicate clearly, accurately, and coherently in oral and written form.


      Tuition Fees

      Tuition fees for full-time study on this LLM are £7,000 for UK students and £13,500 for international students enrolling on the programme in academic year 2022/23.

      Tuition fees for part-time study on this LLM are £39 per credit for UK students enrolling on the programme in academic year 2022/23. This is equivalent to £780 per 20 credit module.

      180 credits are required to complete a Masters degree.

      EU/EEA and Swiss students who have settled or pre-settled status under the EU Settlement Scheme, as well as Irish nationals, may be eligible for the UK tuition fee rate.

      Financial Support

      Financial support arrangements for eligible UK students joining postgraduate courses in academic year 2022/23 are still to be announced. You are advised to check this page regularly and once the position has been confirmed we will update this information.

      EU/EEA and Swiss students who have settled or pre-settled status under the EU Settlement Scheme may be eligible to apply for financial support. Irish nationals should ordinarily apply to Student Universal Support Ireland (SUSI). Please see www.edgehill.ac.uk/eufinance for further details.

      Financial support information for international students can be found at www.edgehill.ac.uk/international/fees.


      How to Apply

      There is an online application process for this programme.

      Applications for October 2022 entry will open soon.

      Visit www.edgehill.ac.uk/applydirect for more information about the application process.

      Visit www.edgehill.ac.uk/applydirect to access the relevant online application form and to find out more about the application process.

      Further information for international students about how to apply is available at www.edgehill.ac.uk/applyinternational.

      Should you accept an offer of a place to study with us and formally enrol as a student, you will be subject to the provisions of the regulations, rules, codes, conditions and policies which apply to our students. These are available at www.edgehill.ac.uk/studentterms.

      Visit Us

      If you are considering applying to study at Edge Hill University, the best way to gain an insight into student life is to discover our stunning campus for yourself by attending an open day. You can view dates and book your place at www.edgehill.ac.uk/opendays.

      Alternatively, if you are unable to attend an open day, you can find out more about all of our events for prospective students, including monthly campus tours, at www.edgehill.ac.uk/visitus.

      Request a Prospectus

      If you would like to explore our full range of taught Masters degrees, MBA awards and our Masters by Research (MRes) degree before you apply, you can order a postgraduate prospectus at www.edgehill.ac.uk/postgradprospectus.

      Get in Touch

      If you have any questions about this programme or what it’s like to study at Edge Hill University, please contact:

      If you would like to talk to the programme leader about the course in more detail, please contact:

      International students should visit www.edgehill.ac.uk/international or email [email protected] with any queries about overseas study.

      Course Changes

      Expand All This page outlines any material changes to course content, programme structure, assessment methods, entry criteria, and modes of study or delivery, implemented in the past two years.

      27th May 2021 - Change to Entry Requirements

      The entry criteria have been updated to indicated that you should have a degree equivalent to UK first-class or second-class honours (2:2 or above) in law, a relevant IT-based discipline, or a relevant non-law degree in the humanities or social sciences. The previous criteria stipulated \”a relevant science-based discipline\” rather than IT.

      Covid-19 - International Cyber Regulation & Policy Essential Information

      Teaching and Learning at Edge Hill University in 2020

      In this video Pro Vice-Chancellor, Lynda Brady, answers your questions and explains how teaching will work when you join us at Edge Hill University in September.

      Campus Facilities at Edge Hill University in 2020

      In this video Pro Vice-Chancellor, Lynda Brady, explains how we’re preparing the campus for your arrival in September and the facilities that will be available.

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